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英语中的主谓一致

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摘要

I.单数主语: 1.当 every-, some-, any-, no- 等构成的不定代词及 each, either, neither 作主语时,谓语动词为单数。

英语中的主谓一致

I.单数主语:

1.当 every-, some-, any-, no- 等构成的不定代词及 each, either, neither 作主语时,谓语动词为单数。

● Someone has told me about it.

● Neither of us likes the film.

2.当 every 或 each 位于两个由连接词连接的单数主语前,谓语动词用单数。(必记之要点!)

● Each girl and boy has a nickname.

● Every man and woman is welcome.

3.位于主谓之间的介词短语不影响谓语动词的数,谓语动词须和主语一致。常见介词短语有:in addition to, together with, as well as, along with, but, except, etc.

(这是一几乎所有考试都不愿放过的重点。)

● The teacher along with his students is going to the party.

● His parents as well as his elder sister have come to see him.

II.复数主语:

1.当主语由 and 或 both ... and 连接,通常采用复数谓语动词。

● Both the girl and the boy are his friends.

2.如主语是both, few或主语前有both, few,

several, many 等限定词时,谓语动词须用复数。

● Several novels have been written by her.

● Both got the news at the same time.

3.下列名词总是复数形式且谓语动词必须用复数。

trousers, pants, jeans, glasses, scissors, tweezers, plier,  scales , compasses, etc.

● The trousers here are mine.

别忘了:如果以上名词受 “a pair of” “the pair of”修饰时,谓语动词用单数。

The pair of pants is too dirty.

III.单、复数的灵活运用:

1.当主语由 neither... nor, either... or, not only ... but also 或 or 连接时,谓语动词与nor, or, but also后面的词一致,在英语语法中,这被称之为“就近原则”。

● Neither he nor I am going to the airport.

● Not only Mary but also her parents have gone abroad.

2.当主语前面有 none, all, some, any, most, half, majority等词时,谓语动词则根据主语的具体情况而采用相应的单、复数。

● All of the money has been in the bank. (money 是不可数名词)

● All of us have been here.

3.“a number of”是复数,修饰可数名词,谓语动词为复数,“the number of”也修饰复数名词,但谓语动词用单数。(黄金要点!!)

● A number of students have passed the exam.

● The number of students in this class is 50.

IV. 用作单数的复数形式主语:

1.如主语是指:time, money, weight, volume, etc. 虽为复数形式,但谓语用单数形式。

● Two years is a short time.

● One hundred dollars is needed by me.

2.下列单词如:physics,economics,mathematics,statistics,etc;measles,mumps,herpes,etc,news,ethics,politics,etc. 为复数形式,但谓语动词用单数。

● Statistics is a dull subject.

● Politics is important.

3.书、报、杂志、电影的名称作主语,谓动用作单数。

● The New York Times is a good newspaper.

V.下列名词在形式上保持不变,但谓语动词的数取决于其意义:

1.family,team,class,committee,group,audience,faculty,etc.

● The family is big.(总体)

● His family like to watch TV.(家庭所有成员)

2.species,series,etc.

● The species is rare.

● These species are common.

3.sheep,deer,etc.

● The sheep are eating grass.

● The sheep is big.

VI. Chinese, English, French, etc 指语言时,谓动是单数,如与 "the" 搭配,指人民时,谓语动词用复数。

English is used widely.

The English love peace.

VII. 注意下列外来语的单复数形:

单数                                        复数

basis                                      bases

crisis                                      crises

criterion                                 criteria

phenomenon                         phenomena

radius                                     radii

alumnus                                 alumni

datum                                    data

medium                                  media

index                                      indices

appendix                                appendices

alga                                         algae

vita                                          vitae

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