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培根散文随笔中英对照 第十章 论恋爱

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培根散文随笔中英对照 第十章 论恋爱 培根散文随笔集中英对照,通过阅读文学名著学语言,是掌握英语的绝佳方法。既可接触原汁原味的英语,又能享受文学之美,一举两得,何乐不为?


第十章 论恋爱


10 Of Love 论恋爱

The stage is

more beholding to love, than the life of man. For as to the stage, love is ever

matter of comedies, and now and then of tragedies: but in life, it doth much

mischief: sometimes like a siren; sometimes like a fury. You may observe, that

amongst all the great and worthy persons (whereof the memory remaineth, either

ancient or recent) there is not one, that hath been transported to the mad

degree of love: which shows, that great spirits, and great business, do keep

out this weak passion.


You must except,

nevertheless, Marcus Antonius the half partner of the empire of Rome; and Appius

Claudius the decemvir, and lawgiver: whereof the former was indeed a voluptuous

man, and inordinate; but the latter was an austere and wise man: and therefore

it seems (though rarely) that love can find entrance, not only into an open

heart; but also into a heart well fortified, if watch be not well kept It is a

poor saying of Epicurus, satis magnum alter alteri theatrum sumus: as if man,

made for the contemplation of heaven and all noble objects, should do nothing,

but kneel before a little idol, and make himself subject, though not of the

mouth (as beasts are) yet of the eye; which was given him for higher purposes.

It is a strange thing, to note the excess of this passion; and how it braves

the nature and value of things; by this, that the speaking in a perpetual

hyperbole is comely in nothing but in love. Neither is it merely in the phrase;

for whereas it hath been well said, that the arch-flatterer, with whom all the

petty flatterers have intelligence, is a man\'s self; certainly, the lover is

more. For there was never proud man thought so absurdly well of himself, as the

lover doth of me person loved: and therefore, it was well said; mat it is

impossible to love, and to be wise. Neither doth (his weakness appear to others

only, and not to the party loved; but to the loved, most of all: except the

love be reciproque.


For it is a true

rule, that love is ever rewarded, either with the reciproque, or with an inward

and secret contempt. By how much the more, men ought to beware of this passion,

which loseth not only other things, but itself. As for the other losses, the

poet\'s relation doth well figure them; that he that preferred Helena, quitted

the gifts of Juno, and Pallas. For whosoever esteemeth too much of amorous affection,

quitteth both riches, and wisdom. This passion hath his floods in the very

times of weakness; which are, great prosperity; and great adversity; though

this latter hath been less observed. Both which times kindle love, and make it

more fervent, and therefore show it to be the child of folly. They do best,

who, if they cannot but admit love, yet make it keep quarter:and sever it

wholly from their serious affairs, and actions of life: for if it check once

with business, it troubleth men s fortunes, and maketh men, that they can no

ways be true to their own ends. I know not how, but martial men are given to

love: I think it is, but as they are given to wine; for perils commonly ask to

be paid in pleasures. There is in man\'s nature, a secret inclination, and

motion, towards love of others; which, if it be not spent upon some one, or a

few, doth naturally spread itself towards many; and maketh men become humane,

and charitable; as it is seen sometime in friars. Nuptial love maketh mankind;

friendly love perfecteth it; but wanton love corrupteth and embaseth it.




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